Carotid artery disease (CAD) Involves plaque build-up or hardening of the arteries in the blood vessels leading to directly to the brain.
CAD can often go unrecognized for years and in some cases causes TIAs (aka mini strokes) or major strokes. Symptoms can include:
CAD is suspected based on clinical history and diagnosed with a non-invasive ultrasound or a CT scan.
Treatment of CAD is often multifactorial and includes: